Spinoza on teleology, value, and the unity of mind
Spinoza seems to think that we are purposive beings in a purposeless world.God created the world, not in order to achieve anything,1 but out of necessity.2 So the world necessarily exists, but it is not "for anything." It is thus not "for us." In plain terms, it has no point and no direction. It is "going nowhere."
Jarrett, C. (2009)., Spinoza on teleology, value, and the unity of mind, in J. Miller (ed.), Topics in early modern philosophy of mind, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 131-149.
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