Cognitive functions, bodily sensibility and the brain
Body representations traverse the whole of the brain. They provide vital sources of information for every facet of an animal's behavior, and such direct neural connectivity of visceral input throughout the nervous system demonstrates just how strongly cognitive systems are linked to bodily representations. At each level of the neural axis there are visceral appraisal systems that are integral in the organization of action. Cognition is not one side of a divide and viscera the other, with action merely a reflexive outcome. There is no divide between cognition and bodily functions once the brain is involved. Cognitive mechanisms that permeate neural function are a cardinal piece of biological function and adaptation.
Schulkin, J. (2006). Cognitive functions, bodily sensibility and the brain. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (3-4), pp. 341-349.
This document is unfortunately not available for download at the moment.