Was hat Husserl in Wien außerhalb von Brentanos Philosophie gelernt?
Über die Einflüsse auf den frühen Husserl jenseits von Brentano und Bolzano
Husserl has undoubtedly considered himself being influenced by Brentano, but his conflicts with the orthodox core of the School of Brentano raise the question whether his adherence to Brentano suffices to adequately grasp the context of his early philosophy. I investigate the biographical details of Husserl's studies in Vienna to uncover hitherto unknown ties between Husserl and Austrian philosophers outside the School of Brentano. Already during his secondary school studies in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Husserl was exposed to the philosophy textbooks of Gustav Adolf Lindner; and archival records of the University of Vienna show that he had extensively attended philosophy courses held by other philosophers, especially by Robert Zimmermann. Both Lindner and Zimmermann proposed Herbartian philosophies, and what makes Zimmermann especially interesting is that he had once been a close personal disciple of Bernard Bolzano. I use an unpublished lecture transcript, written by a fellow student of Husserl, to investigate the controversial issue of Zimmermann's possible transmission of Bolzano's ideas. While a direct transmission seems improbable, my investigation uncovers a plethora of Herbartian influences, which are interesting on their own terms and have not only furnished Husserl with important parts of his descriptive psychological toolbox but have also helped him navigate the Brentano-School's debate on intentionality.
Varga, P.A. (2015). Was hat Husserl in Wien außerhalb von Brentanos Philosophie gelernt?: Über die Einflüsse auf den frühen Husserl jenseits von Brentano und Bolzano. Husserl Studies 31 (2), pp. 95-121.
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